Two white women also claimed they had been raped. During the Great Depression, jobs were scarce, and the unemployed frequently rode from place to place in empty boxcars in search of work. The laws stipulated that blacks use separate entrances into public buildings, have separate restrooms and drinking fountains, and sit in the back of trains and buses.
After several more appeals the case went before the US Supreme Court, where charges against four of the defendants were dropped. This woman, who was a known prostitute, had been riding illegally on a train with another young woman; she made her charges of rape against the black men who were also riding on the train because she had been traveling with a minor and was trying to avoid prosecution under the Mann Act, an act prohibiting anyone from taking a minor across state lines with immoral purposes.
When a white person boarded, the bus driver ordered Parks and several other black riders to move, and she refused. Jim Crow laws extended into almost every facet of public life. The rest of the defendants either eventually escaped or were released from jail. When the new trials were held, one accuser admitted that she had invented the allegations of rape.
Not every law applied in every state, but the Jim Crow laws were demoralizing and far reaching, all in the name of protecting white culture and power. Although unemployment among blacks was much higher — and in spite of the Jim Crow laws — blacks and whites ultimately competed for the same jobs, a fact that whites greatly resented.
While Mayella Ewell was no prostitute, she did try to deflect the blame for her actions onto an innocent African-American male. During the train ride the two groups of men fought, and the white men were forced off the train. The appeals process continued for several years.
Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in the midst of these developments. The case has become a leading example of the injustice of all-white juries, and has been adapted in many books, plays, and movies. To Kill a Mockingbird also reflects the Scottsboro Boys trial, one of the best-known cases of the s.
Concurrent with the Montgomery bus boycott, another civil rights issue came to the forefront at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.
If anything, she downplays it: There is no question that Harper Lee based the Robinson trial upon the actual trial of nine young African-American men charged with rape in Scottsboro, Alabama. Interracial Marriage At the time Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird, white people had control over the communities they lived in, but many members of the elite class feared that African Americans would make inroads into the white world by marrying and having children with whites.
In another similarity to Tom Robinson, one of the inmates attempted escape and was shot by a guard, although he was not killed.
They therefore find him guilty even though Atticus Finch makes it obvious that Tom was physically incapable of committing the crime. There, a young black woman named Autherine Lucy enrolled in an all-white school.
The civil rights struggle continues today at various levels, making To Kill a Mockingbird a timeless novel. The initial trials happened quickly, with as little as a day for each trial.
This sort of crime virtually never happened. This infamous first trial resulted in the conviction of all the defendants. Nonetheless, the eight men were convicted a second time. Because of deep-rooted anti-black sentiment, two white women with skeletons in their own closets were able to deprive eight men of several years of their lives.
Lee defended Frank and Brown Ezell, a black father and son accused of murder, but they were found guilty and executed by hanging. Southern churches frequently upheld this racist thinking, which also helped give the Jim Crow laws some of their power.
There are many parallels between the Scottsboro cases and To Kill a Mockingbird. The Supreme Court ordered a second trial for the Scottsboro "boys," during which one of the women recanted her testimony, denying that she or the other woman had been raped.
The first Jim Crow law appeared in ; the laws increased from there and lasted until the civil rights movement of the s. The lynchers usually went unpunished for the murder.
While the defendants in the Scottsboro case were being held in jail a lynch mob demanded the teens be turned over to them; the sheriff called the Alabama National Guard to protect the jail and moved the teens to a new location.
Appeals were made, but seven of the nine men went to prison. Many African Americans seemed resigned to accepting the Jim Crow laws and living within the existing system.
The continued oppression of one group over another is largely psychological. Martin Luther King, Jr. However, the frenzy that characterized the "rape complex" led to drastic and deadly results: The last man was released from prison in ; one of the men received a pardon in Both of the women, the nine black men, and two white men hopped a freight car and headed south.
Table of Contents The Scottsboro Boys Trial Although To Kill a Mockingbird is a work of fiction, the rape trial of Tom Robinson at the center of the plot is based on several real trials of black men accused of violent crimes that took place during the years before Lee wrote her book.Essay on Scottsboro Boys Trial Comparison - The text that provides the best commentary is Harper Lee’s, ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’.
Both ‘Dry September’ and ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ are loosely based on the Scottsboro Trial; ‘To Kill. Scottsboro and Maycomb As I read the accounts of "the Scottsboro Trials" the similarities between the trials of those teens and the trial of Tom Robinson were uncanny. Harper Lee used these true life trials as a basis for Tom Robinson's trial in the book "To Kill a Mockingbird".
3/5(2). When Harper Lee was writing about the trial of Tom Robinson in “To Kill a Mockingbird,” she had a very real case to look to for inspiration. The trial of the Scottsboro Boys was a world renowned case in the ’s in which nine black youths were accused of raping to white girls in Alabama.
To Kill a Mockingbird Essay. Analyze the trial scene and its relationship to the rest of the novel. To Kill a Mockingbird explores the questions of innocence and harsh experience, good and evil, from several different angles. This essay will be explaining the background, the trials, and the aftermath of the case of the Scottsboro Boys and how it connects to the book To Kill a Mockingbird.
After this, hopefully you will find this historical case more interesting and intriguing. The fictional trial of Tom Robinson, a character from To Kill a Mockingbird, is in many ways similar to the factual trial of the Scottsboro Boys.
The two trials share similarities in their setting, characters, and outcomes.Download