Definitions and Explanations of Terms. Bureau of the Census, Therefore, around 70, people in rural areas are homeless on each night in the United States National Symposium on Homeless Research. A lack of decent affordable housing underlies both rural and urban homelessness. Rural Poverty Research Center.
Rural is typically defined in contrast to urban. It has been show that fewer job opportunities, lower wages, and longer periods of unemployment also plague the rural poor more often than their urban counterparts Bread for the World Institute, Resources for further study are also provided. While housing costs are lower in rural areas, so are rural incomes, leading to similarly high rent burdens.
Other research indicates that families, single mothers, and children make up the largest group of people who are homeless in rural areas Vissing, Homelessness among Native Americans and migrant workers is also largely a rural phenomenon. National Alliance to End Homeless.
Available, for free, from the U. Poverty Higher in Nonmetropolitan than Metropolitan Areas? There are far fewer shelters in rural areas than in urban areas; therefore, people experiencing homelessness are less likely to live on the street or in a shelter and more likely to live in a car or camper, or with relatives in overcrowded or substandard housing.
Rural residential histories reveal that homelessness is often precipitated by a structural or physical housing problem jeopardizing health or safety; when families relocate to safer housing, the rent is often too much to manage and they experience homelessness again while searching for housing that is both safe and affordable.
Restricting definitions of homelessness to include only those who are literally homeless - that is, on the streets or in shelters - does not fit well with the rural reality, and also may exclude many rural communities from accessing federal dollars to address homelessness.
Rural Homelessness Published by the National Coalition for the Homeless, July Homelessness is often assumed to be an urban phenomenon because homeless people are more numerous, more geographically concentrated, and more visible in urban areas. Available, for free, at http: Other trends affecting rural homelessness include the distance between low-cost housing and employment opportunities, lack of transportation, decline in homeownership, restrictive land-use regulations and housing codes, rising rent burdens, and insecure tenancy resulting from changes in the local real estate market for example, the displacement of trailer park residents Fitchen, The most commonly used definitions are based on population density and proximity to metropolitan areas such as those developed by the U.
Ultimately, however, ending homelessness in rural areas requires jobs that pay a living wage, adequate income supports for those who cannot work, affordable housing, access to health care, and transportation. Some of what has been learned in recent years about the causes, consequences, and strategies for combating homelessness in rural areas is summarized below.
Kentucky Homeless Survey- Preliminary Findings, Current Available, free, from U. Rural homelessness is most pronounced in rural regions that are primarily agricultural; regions whose economies are based on declining extractive industries such as mining, timber, or fishing; and regions experiencing economic growth -- for example, areas with industrial plants that attract more workers than jobs available, and areas near urban centers that attract new businesses and higher income residents, thereby driving up taxes and living expenses Aron and Fitchen, Bread for the World Institute.
Hunger Report pg 48 used. National Symposium on Homeless Research. Problems of housing quality also contribute to rural homelessness: Furthermore, inconceptualized as an urban issue, which is reflected by the dearth of research on homelessness in rural areas.
In reality, homelessness is pervasive in rural communities due to high rates of poverty, unemployment or under.
Therefore, around 70, people in rural areas are homeless on each night in the United States ( National Symposium on Homeless Research). CAUSES Rural homelessness, like urban homelessness, is the result of poverty and a lack of affordable housing.
Homelessness in rural America is different from homelessness in urban and suburban areas. Rural individuals and families experience both literal homelessness and extremely precarious housing situations.
Literal homelessness, the condition of living on the street or in a shelter, is often episodic and less common in rural areas than in cities due to kinship networks and the lack of service providers and.
experiencing homelessness in rural America. Rural homeless individuals and families are more likely than urban homeless individuals and families to be doubled-up with friends or families, living in vehicles, or living in substandard housing1 (which is one reason that. rural areas (Vissing, ).
Homelessness among Native Americans and migrant workers is also largely a rural phenomenon. Findings also include higher rates of domestic violence and lower rates of alcohol and substance abuse.
CAUSES Rural homelessness, like urban homelessness, is the result of poverty and a lack of affordable housing. The number of people who experience rural homelessness is unknown, but the last national count of homeless people found that 9 percent live in rural areas.
The same structural factors that contribute to urban homelessness—lack of affordable housing and inadequate income—also lead.Download