According to Hobbes, the life of a man would be poor and brutal in a society with continuous fear and danger. Hobbes, however, thinks otherwise.
Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property. This equality makes it so that each man has the ability to consent to be governed and does for the sake of survival.
In respects to equality, since we all are owing our lives and rights to this creator and we are not God and so are subject to death, this makes all of us equal.
Thus, man is not by nature moral or immoral. This equality is not based of alliances, physical or mental prowess but rather on the fact that we are, in a sense, children of a god.
Also, most people must have some sort of morality in order to see the value in peace and to submit to a higher monarchy power, otherwise people would not allow themselves to be ruled. One being the lack of recognition of or allowing for rebellion in the event of a tyrannical government and second in the limitations of power upon the executive, especially since that individual would not be a monarch.
An Invitation to Political Thought. Hobbes argues that so strong is this desire for power that "man is a wolf to his fellow man," and that the true state of nature for man is at war Deutsch, p.
One example is the issue of human nature. As seen in his ideas being used by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence and by the principles of separating powers included in the Constitution, his contributions justify placing him in that group of great men.
Regarding the social contract — according to Locke, man has the right to life and just and impartial protection. Sadly there is some ambiguity about the definition of these rights, but there are at least three that are well know. The process of creating government must be one in which people arrive to hold the same values in order to live together peacefully, and acquire these morals and ways of living so that each person holds these beliefs individually so they agree to follow the confines that laws and government places on individuals.
His divergence was a result of his times and his attempt to bring England back together in mutual understanding.
He even greatly contributed to the American Declaration of Independence, focusing on the classical republicanism and liberal theory. Hobbes famously considered life in Thus, people have been and must comply with the absolute power of government.
They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is where the people give the power to govern to their government.
If you like this article or our site. Locke was in favor of monarchy when balance with a law making legislature like the Parliament. That while there are some who are stronger than others, the weak are capable of forming confederacies to kill the stronger and so be strong themselves Hobbes, p.
It seems that Hobbes opposition to revolution has lived on in the exclusion of this right from the founding document of the United States. Also, the alternative to being governed, chaos, is far less desirable than peace.
This theory makes Hobbes the originator of the modern social contract theory Deutsch, p. Not all people are bad, or selfish, Hobbes conveyed, but when it comes to their own personal survival, all morals are circumvented and people will do what it takes to ensure their own survival.
Without that unity and peace, anarchy ensued, which was to him as well as others evident given the tumultuous circumstances of their time, as well as history has proven, pointing to the wars fought in the name of Christianity.
Hobbes asks, then what compels people to be loyal to a form of government, and why do people not constantly revolt, even though the governments of the day did not meet ideal conditions? This idea of altruism, of risking ones life to save another is somewhat unique to humanity with the exception of a mother animal defending its children.
This is the right to revolt and establish a government which honors natural laws and human rights Deutsch, p. The elements of their viewpoints will be compared and contrasted for similarities and differences. Hobbes was a known English philosopher from Malmesbury. According to Hobbes, if man simply does what he is told, he is safe.
Locke had a different point of view for human nature, according to Mosely Video: Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are some of the most influential thinkers of philosophical thought. This sample research paper will cover both Hobbes and Locke and address man's relation to the society around him, through they come to different conclusions regarding the nature of human government/5(10).
Jul 01, · Whatever the views that one has on Hobbes or Locke, it is important to see that both have had a profound influence on modern politics, human rights and specifically in the formation of the United States of billsimas.coms: 8. Compare and contrast the political views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes.
What would be advantages and disadvantages of a living under the system(s) of government each man advocated? Contrast iii. Locke's political theory was founded on social contract theory.
Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish.
Man is by nature a social animal. John Locke's philosophy saw human nature as a tabula rasa. Thomas Hobbes (5 April – 4 December ) and John Locke (29 August – 28 October ) differed not only in philosophical systems and period but also in temperament, with Hobbes' worldview being significant more pessimistic than that of Locke.Download